Is Cheese Paleo?

Hi there, fellow health enthusiasts! You’ve likely stumbled across this article in your quest to discern whether cheese fits within the paleo diet guidelines. I’ve been there too. It’s confusing, I know. Don’t worry though; we’ll navigate these murky dietary waters together. So, is cheese paleo? Let’s find out.

Understanding the Paleo Diet

The Paleolithic diet, or the Paleo diet as it’s often called, hinges on a pretty straightforward concept: Eat as our prehistoric ancestors did. What does this mean exactly? It implies a diet rich in whole foods, such as:

  • Lean meats
  • Fish
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Nuts and seeds

These foods, proponents argue, align more with our bodies’ evolutionary adaptations. They’re the food groups our ancient ancestors could hunt or gather.

On the flip side, it’s suggested we avoid foods that became staples with the advent of farming about 10,000 years ago. These include:

  • Grains (like wheat, oats, and barley)
  • Dairy products
  • Legumes (like beans, lentils, and peanuts)

Now that we have a rough sketch of what the Paleo diet entails, where does cheese come in?

The Paleo Controversy: Is Cheese Paleo?

I hate to be the bearer of not-so-great news, but traditionally, dairy products like cheese aren’t considered paleo. As noted above, the Paleo diet typically excludes products that only became available following the onset of agriculture and animal farming, cheese being a primary example.

But here’s the twist in our tale. Some paleo enthusiasts and experts have slightly divergent views, advocating for a more ‘modern’ interpretation of the Paleo diet. They argue for what’s often referred to as ‘primal eating.’

The Primal Approach

Primal eating shares many similarities with the Paleo diet but offers a tad more flexibility, especially when it comes to dairy. Followers of the primal diet often incorporate high-quality dairy products, including cheese, into their diets.

This approach stems from the belief that not all dairy is created equal. High-quality dairy from grass-fed, organic sources is viewed as nutrient-dense, providing benefits such as:

  • A good source of calcium and vitamin D.
  • Probiotic properties (in fermented dairy like cheese).

Given these potential benefits, the primal diet might consider cheese ‘Paleo-friendly,’ but with conditions attached.

The Verdict: Is Cheese Paleo?

So here we are, standing at the crossroads. On one hand, we have the traditional Paleo view that shuns dairy, including cheese. On the other hand, we have the primal approach, which argues for the inclusion of high-quality dairy.

How do we reconcile this? Here’s my take:

Traditional PaleoPrimal Approach
Is Cheese Paleo?NoYes, if it’s high-quality, organic, and preferably fermented.

The decision, ultimately, lies in your hands (or perhaps in your stomach!). Your personal tolerance to dairy, your health goals, and how strictly you want to adhere to the Paleo guidelines should all factor into your choice.

If you’re unsure, it might be best to eliminate cheese initially, then slowly reintroduce it while paying close attention to how your body reacts. Remember, the aim is to create a dietary approach that helps you feel your best.

The Nutritional Profile of Cheese

Let’s delve a little deeper into what cheese brings to our plates. Cheese is undoubtedly a delicious source of many essential nutrients. This includes:

  • Protein: Important for muscle development and repair.
  • Calcium: Essential for bone health.
  • Vitamin B12: Important for nerve function and the production of red blood cells.
  • Fatty acids: Some types of cheese, especially those made from the milk of grass-fed animals, contain omega-3 fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which have been linked to many health benefits.

How Cheese Could Affect Your Health

While cheese can provide an array of nutrients, it’s also high in saturated fats and sodium, which could have negative effects on health if consumed in excess. For example, too much sodium could contribute to increased blood pressure. On the other hand, the relationship between saturated fat and heart disease is debated, and some studies suggest that cheese, despite its saturated fat content, might not have the same negative effects on heart health as other high-fat products.

Also, cheese is one of the most common food allergens, especially among children. It’s also rich in lactose, a type of sugar that many people struggle to digest.

How to Choose the Right Cheese

Should you decide to incorporate cheese into your Paleo or Primal diet, the quality of cheese matters. Here are a few things to keep in mind:

  • Go Organic: Organic cheese is made from the milk of animals that have not been treated with antibiotics or hormones.
  • Consider Grass-fed: Cheese from grass-fed animals is higher in many nutrients, including omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin K2.
  • Aim for Raw: Raw cheeses have not been pasteurized, meaning they retain more of their natural nutrients and beneficial probiotics.
  • Choose Natural: Avoid processed cheese, which often contains added ingredients that aren’t in line with a Paleo or Primal diet.

Exploring Alternatives to Cheese

What if you love cheese but decide it doesn’t fit into your Paleo lifestyle, or discover that you’re lactose intolerant? Good news – there are numerous delicious alternatives that could still give you that cheesy experience.

  • Nutritional Yeast: This is a deactivated yeast that has a cheesy flavor and is often used in vegan cooking.
  • Cashew Cheese: Made from soaked cashews and nutritional yeast, it’s a convincing, creamy alternative.
  • Almond Cheese: This cheese substitute is often fermented, which gives it a tangy, cheese-like taste.

Final Thoughts: Making the Diet Work for You

At the end of the day, the Paleo diet is not about following a strict set of rules; it’s about finding an eating plan that helps you feel your best. That could mean strictly adhering to traditional Paleo guidelines, or it could mean following a more flexible approach like the Primal diet. If you love cheese and feel good eating it, you might decide to include it in your diet, even if it’s not traditionally considered Paleo. The key is to listen to your body and choose the foods that nourish you.


The world of Paleo eating can be a tricky one to navigate, especially when it comes to ‘gray area’ foods like cheese. While traditional Paleo guidelines might have us wave goodbye to our beloved cheese, some more modern interpretations, like the primal diet, suggest we can still enjoy it, granted it’s of high quality.

In the end, remember that no diet is one-size-fits-all. Listen to your body and make the choice that feels right for you. Happy eating!

RELATED: Is Bread Vegan?

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is cheese considered Paleo?

Traditionally, cheese is not considered Paleo because dairy products were not part of our ancestors’ diets before the advent of farming. However, some modern interpretations of the Paleo diet, often referred to as the Primal diet, may allow for high-quality dairy products like cheese.

2. What are the health benefits of cheese?

Cheese is a rich source of several essential nutrients like protein, calcium, and vitamin B12. Some types of cheese, especially those made from the milk of grass-fed animals, also contain beneficial fatty acids, including omega-3s and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA).

3. What are the potential downsides of consuming cheese?

Cheese is high in saturated fats and sodium, which could negatively impact health if consumed in excess. It’s also rich in lactose, a sugar that many people have difficulty digesting. Lastly, cheese is a common food allergen, particularly in children.

4. What should I look for when choosing cheese?

If you decide to incorporate cheese into your diet, opt for organic, grass-fed, raw, and natural cheese whenever possible. Avoid processed cheese, which often contains additives that aren’t in line with a Paleo or Primal diet.

5. Are there any alternatives to cheese?

Yes, there are several alternatives to cheese that could fit better within a Paleo lifestyle or for those with lactose intolerance. Nutritional yeast, cashew cheese, and almond cheese are just a few examples.

6. Is the Paleo diet strictly against dairy products?

The traditional Paleo diet typically excludes dairy products because they were not part of our ancestors’ diets. However, some people who follow a more flexible Paleo or Primal approach might choose to include high-quality dairy in their diets.

7. Can I modify the Paleo diet to suit my needs?

Absolutely. The Paleo diet is meant to be a framework, not a strict set of rules. It’s most important to listen to your body and adjust your diet in ways that help you feel your best, whether that means including cheese or not.